Acid Reflux/GERD

Acid Reflux Causes

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), or reflux disease, is a very common disease of the digestive system. It is caused by a weak lower esophageal sphincter, or LES. The LES is a ring of muscle that connects the esophagus to the stomach. It acts as a gatekeeper, opening to allow food to pass into the stomach and then closing to prevent the contents of the stomach (food, acid, and other secretions) from backflowing, or refluxing, into the esophagus. Because the lining of the esophagus is easily irritated by the contents of the stomach, acid reflux causes heartburn and other symptoms of GERD.

Symptoms & Diagnosis

Heartburn, a burning sensation in the chest is the most common symptom of GERD; however, everyone is affected differently and may experience a variety of other symptoms, including:

  • regurgitation
  • difficulty swallowing
  • chronic cough

While doctors often diagnose GERD based on a discussion of symptoms, a variety of tests are needed to identify definitively the cause of symptoms.

Oesophageal Cancer and Other Complications

Because the contents of the stomach can irritate the lining of the esophagus, GERD can advance to a variety of complications, including strictures, esophagitis, Barrett’s esophagus, and Oesophageal cancer. All of these complications can seriously impact the quality of the sufferer’s life if not treated appropriately.

GERD Medications

The goal of medical therapy for people with GERD is reducing the amount of acid produced by the stomach. This section includes everything you need to know about the different GERD medications available to control your symptoms.

Acid Reflux Surgery

For some people, acid reflux surgery is a viable option to provide lifetime relief from GERD. The goal of the different antireflux procedures is repair of the damaged LES. This section includes a discussion of the pros and cons of surgery, as well as the latest information about the different procedures currently available.

Natural Heartburn Remedies

Natural heartburn remedies and small lifestyle changes can help relieve the symptoms of GERD. This section includes information on why your daily habits are so important to controlling the progression of reflux disease and highlight some of the most popular natural heartburn remedies.


Did you know that your diet is a critical part of controlling your symptoms and keeping your GERD from progressing? While medications and procedures are an important part of the picture, avoiding your triggers, keeping your portions small, and controlling your weight get to the heart of what causes GERD in the first place – excess pressure on the LES. A healthful GERD diet can have a dramatic effect on how you feel, especially if you are in the early stages of the disease.

This information is from RefluxMD -

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